Morris, Colleen and Louisa Murray. It is one the few species that can grow successfully in salt effected sites. Plant database entry for Swamp Oak (Casuarina glauca) with 4 images and 23 data details. Starr-170628-0245-Casuarina glauca-fruit needles-Near Clipper House Sand Island-Midway Atoll (35649390983).jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 6.13 MB Starr-170628-0246-Casuarina glauca-needles with about 12 teeth-Near Clipper House Sand Island-Midway Atoll (35649392283).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 4.17 MB There are 17 species of casuarina that originate from Australasia. The Florilegium: The Royal Botanic Garadens Sydney. C. glauca is probably wind-pollinated but insect pollination can also occur. Casuarina glauca makes a good windbreak tree and very good for saline . Casuarina glauca is commonly called the 'Swamp Oak' due to the wood's oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish waterways. In storage, seeds can survive for many years . Casuarina glauca. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Species. Swamp Oak (Casuarina glauca): Decent size … Casuarina glauca (swamp oak) can thrive in periodically waterlogged, saline sites and in coastal areas where many other trees wouldn't survive. Suited to coastal plantings as well as being useful in rock gardens and as a general ground cover, Casuarina glauca prostrate requires little care once established. Choose a place in the garden that gets full sun. The fruit is a round knobbly woody capsule. Cluster of Casuarina glauca trees in St. Lucie County, FL. Characteristics. Merwin M L, 1990. C. Glauca was investigated for biomass production at highly sodic soil sites (pH 8.6 10.5); it was found to be promising in terms of growth and productivity." Parts Shown: Habit Photo. Seed production is prolific with approximately 414,900 seeds/kg . Casuarina glauca makes a good windbreak tree and very good for saline . kingdom Plantae - plants » divisio Magnoliophyta - flowering plants » class Rosopsida - eudicots » order Fagales » family Casuarinaceae » genus Casuarina - sheoak Cluster of Casuarina glauca trees in St. Lucie County, FL. Seeds are pale brown with a broad papery tail. Swamp she-oak (Casuarina glauca) has become naturalised beyond its native range, particularly on river banks in southern Australia. Flowering and Fruiting- Casuarina species have been reported to be monoecious (13) and dioecious (6); C. glauca in Florida has not been observed to bear female flowers. Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO. Closely related to C. glauca, which has larger cones and coarser foliage (not in region). Prostrate forms of this tree are known to occur naturally (many other coastal heath plants, such as Banksia, similarly produce prostrate forms). Casuarina-glauca- The Cousin It Plant Growing conditions and care. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. In The Bahamas, it is able to produce flowers and fruit all year-round (Hammerton, 2001). NW, NE, C, SW, SE. It can fix Nitrogen. 28. Casuarina glauca Sieb. Flowering Below is Casuarina glauca prostrate form spilling over the edge of a retaining wall, this particular variety doesn’t have much height to it, it is densely carpeting and spreads a couple of metres. They are evergreen shrubs and trees growing to tall. It has thick needle like foliage (cladobes) with reddish-brown terminal flower spikes. Fruiting heads Origin: Australia, south Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia Introduction to Florida: Casuarina equisetifolia: 1887 (ornamental) | Casuarina glauca: 1890 (ornamental, agriculture) | Casuarina cunninghamiana: pre-1924 (ornamental, agriculture) Distribution. 1989). Casuarina glauca - leaves. 1 (1990) p 468, Pl. There are two subspecies: C. equisetifolia var. It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been split into three genera (see: Casuarinaceae). Tolerates slight salinity. Pineapple, when grown in trenches across hilly slopes, helps check soil and water erosion. vol. However, the apex (tip) of the ‘cone’ is typically concave and sunken (means curving in or hollowed inward). New plantings will require some water, and mulch to retain a little moisture and suppress weed growth is advisable. (1)"Casuarina glauca is an introduced tree species to India. Improves soil fertility by "fixing" nitrogen. Proceedings of the 1st International Casuarina Workshop, [ed. Casuarina glauca:(Brazilian Oak, Scaly-Bark Beefwood, Swamp She(Shea)-Oak, Black She(Shea)-Oak) (Morton 1980, Long and Lakela 1971, Barrett 1956) The 10-14 leaf teeth are either entirely brown or with a brown ring where teeth unite. Prepare the planting area well by digging in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. It is regarded as an environmental weed in Western Australia and South Australia, and is particularly invasive in south-eastern South Australia (e.g. In the latter case, gray tips are occasionally missing due to abrasion. Casuarina, also known as she-oak or Australian pine, is flowering plant that belongs to the casuarina family. Casuarina glauca - fruit ... For more information and pictures about Casuarina glauca, view the Langeland/Burks book, Identification & Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas. It is in leaf all year. C. glauca is a prolific cone producer and averages 70 seeds/cone and 1,300,000 seeds/kg (El-Lakany et al. The seeds are winged samaras. Casuarina glauca is an evergreen Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in). Field investigations with fruit crops, such as pineapple, sapota, and forest species such as casuarina and acacia, and green manure and cover crops such as subabul and mucuna have shown good promise. Casuarina glauca: Teeth on young permanent shoots appressed or slightly spreading Back to 3: Casuarina obesa: 5: Teeth erect, appressed, 8–12, 0.5–0.7 mm long; articles 0.6–0.9 mm diam., somewhat waxy, occasionally sparsely hairy; teeth on new shoots erect to somewhat spreading: Casuarina cristata Phone 06 328 7803 . Casuarina glauca. Very fast-growing. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). How to grow casuarina in a garden. By the way the decorative little lumps seen here aren’t flowers or fruit developing but a gall, isn’t it pretty? Casuarina is a genus of 17 tree species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia, the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, and islands of the western Pacific Ocean. Tiny, 1-seeded, winged nutlet contained in the cone. Its seeds (samaras) are small, pale and dull in colour. 67 Suckering Australian-pine Distribution: Herbarium specimens collected from naturalized populations in Seminole, ... not producing fruit in Florida (Long and Lakela 1971, Morton 1980). Despite its name, it is not "true" pine. Email email@example.com Casuarina glauca (gray sheoak). ex Spreng. by Midgley SJ, Turnbull JW, Johnston RD]. Scale-like leaves at nodes KAL. Casuarina glauca hybridizes with other casuarina species through open, wind pollination. These plants can be found in tropical and sub-tropical areas around the world today. Casuarina glauca or the Swamp Oak is a single trunked upright tree with an open conical habit. Related Plants 'Cousin It' ... Parts Shown: Fruit Photo. They are often called ‘native pines’ because the foliage bears a similarity to pine needles. (River sheoak), C. equisetifolia L. (Australian pine) and C. glauca Seiber (gray sheoak) hybridise with each other (Morton 1980, in Snyder 1992; all three pose a threat to the environment and are considered invasive in the USA (Flores 2008). Fruit. Preliminary results of Casuarina cunninghamiana and C. glauca … The fruit of Casuarina glauca is similar to Allocasuarina littoralisin shape (cylindrical). 53-54. Name is shortened to C. cunninghamiana in General Native Vegetation Profiles. it is a serious environmental weed in the Mount Lofty Ranges). Site preference. The tree is medium sized growing to 15 metres bearing small male red flowers which produce small cone-shaped fruit. In: Casuarina Ecology, Management and Utilization. Latin Casuarina, meaning Cassowary-like, from the common Malayan name pohon kasuari (cassowary tree), as the the branches resemble the feathers of Cassuarius cassuarius. Address 752 Taonui Road, Colyton . Water culture is now a common method for the propagation of Casuarina cuttings in China (Liang and Chen, 1982). The procedure consists in soaking the bottom part of the 8-10 cm long Fruit bracteoles are relatively thin compared to other casuarinas. Note the compact nature of the canopy and the presence of taller plants in the center of the group surrounded by smaller plants, all of which probably arose vegetatively by root suckering Figure 4. Closed cones may persist on the tree for more than a year. Scientific Name: Casuarina L. (Casuarinaceae) glauca Sieber & K. Spren. DESCRIPTION: A hardy and robust evergreen shrub featuring a vibrant foliage year-round which forms a natural ball-shape without the need for hedging or maintenance.The branchlets are slender when compared to the species. Casuarina glauca Sieber ex Spreng. Casuarina glauca swamp she-oak. Frost resistant and cold tolerant. Long-lived. Flora of New South Wales. Photograph by John Tann, courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Casuarina grows on the river banks, in the swamps and coastal regions. This Australian native is ideally suited whether planted alone, in groups, or as a … casuarina glauca – Swamp oak, She-oak, Grey oak, River oak. equisetifolia and C. equisetifolia var. The interesting fallen cone-like fruit, which are about ½ inch long, could sometimes be picked up there. Ecological threat. The fruit is woody barrel-shaped cone-like mass of capsules 10mm x 8mm with rough surface and strongly protruding teeth when ripe. Enclosed by bracteoles in globose to ovoid, cone-like heads, the fruit are winged nutlets (also known as samaras), which are usually dispersed by the wind. Casuarina glauca - male flowers : Casuarina glauca - female flowers . ; Dig the planting hole twice as wide and to the same depth as the root-ball. Latin equisetifolia, with leaves like a horsetail, referring to the reduced leaves of the tree along the branch, which resemble that of Equisetum species. The vegetative material is the young needle-like branchlet, preferably less than three months old taken from stock plants in hedge orchards. Casuarina is a genus of 17 tree species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia, the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, islands of the western Pacific Ocean, and eastern Africa.It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been split into four genera (see: Casuarinaceae). The diagrams illustrate the cone (left), node (middle, left), Text from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards 3 casuarina glauca is commonly called the ‘Swamp oak’ due to the wood’s oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish waterways. 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